The top 10 Facts & Figures about the Burgundy wine region
69.190 acres of vines
Burgundy represents 69 190 acres of vines for 100 appellations: 23 regional appellations, 44 villages appellations and 1er crus and 33 Grand Crus appellations.
There are 5 viticultural areas in Burgundy:
Côte de Nuits
Côte de Beaune
5 viticultural areas
33 Grands Crus
There are 33 Grands Crus in Burgundy, 72% of which are in Côte de Nuits:
♦ Chambertin-clos de Bèze
♦ Ruchottes-Chambertin ♦ Bonnes Mares
♦ Clos de la Roche
♦ Clos de Tart
♦ Clos des Lambrays
♦ Clos St Denis ♦ Musigny ♦ Clos de Vougeot ♦ Romanée-Conti
♦ La Romanée
♦ La Tache
♦ La Grande Rue
♦ Romanée-St-Vivant ♦ Echezeaux
♦ Grands Echezeaux ♦ Corton
♦ Corton-Charlemagne ♦ Charlemagne ♦ Montrachet
♦ Bienvenues-Batard-Montrachet ♦ Criots-Batard-Montrachet
"In Burgundy, when we talk about a climate, we do not raise our eyes to the sky, we lower them on the earth." By saying this, the writer and journalist Bernard Pivot illustrates a characteristic of the Burgundy vineyard that can not be found anywhere else: Climats. A bit misleading, this term does not refer to the weather, but to vineyard plots, carefully delineated according to specific criteria (history, soil, subsoil, geolocation, micro-climate).
Most renowned grape is the Pinot Noir
The best grape of Burgundy is Pinot Noir. Any self-respecting Burgundy wine lover knows that most Burgundy red wines are made from pinot noir. But for a long time, gamay was the first place in Burgundy.
Until King Philip of Burgundy, nicknamed "Philipe Le Hardi" gets involved. Anxious to restore the coat of arms of Burgundy wines, the king wrote in 1395 an edict ordering the plucking of the Gamay seedlings in favor of Pinot Noir, a grape variety much less known to the general public at the time and capable of producing more complex wines.
But, despite the ban, the inhabitants of Burgundy cling to gamay, which reappears gradually in the vineyards. Until 1935, when Burgundy obtained the label of Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) and where the territories are completely reorganized. The gamay is transferred to its neighboring vineyard Beaujolais and officially replaced by Pinot Noir.
It is in Burgundy that two of the great abbeys were born which will radiate on Christendom. That of Cluny, founded in 910, will experience an unprecedented influence, concretizing by an architectural ensemble never equaled an astonishing spiritual and temporal power.
But in 1098, a handful of monks left the abbey of Molesmes, at the limit of the Yonne and Côte-d'Or, to build further to the south, in the clearing of Cîteaux, a wooden abbey where they will be able to to live according to the rule of Saint Benedict, in a spirit of poverty and prayer at the antipodes of the splendor of Cluny. The Cistercian order is born. The austerity of the Cistercians is also reflected in the architecture. No sculptures or frills, counting should lead to prayer.
This nudity of the buildings is not really total, the rule of austerity is sometimes slightly betrayed: thus, the cloister of the abbey of Fontenay is not quite symmetrical, no column being identical to another. Unforgettable, the Abbey Pontigny, meanwhile, also deserves to stop there.
Cluny Abbey founded in 910
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Hospices de Beaune
Every year, professionals in the wine world, as well as wine lovers, gather in Burgundy to witness what has become, in the space of more than 155 years, one of the most important events in the world of wine: the Hospices de Beaune. This large annual auction offers wines from the AOC Côtes de Beaune produced in a vineyard attached to a hospital whose construction dates back to .... 1443!
At the time, the Chancellor of the Duke of Burgundy Nicolas Rolin decided to build an establishment to house the homeless Beaune without resources. He creates the Hospices de Beaune. In addition to its exceptional Gothic architectural style, the establishment has a vineyard from its opening. A first in France! The vineyard of the Hospices de Beaune will grow over time, thanks to financial aid and donations of vine plants.
The 155th auction of the Hospices de Beaune took place in November 2015, with Claire Chazal and Christophe Lambert as honorary presidents. It generated the sum of € 10,156,644. This profit was donated to the hospital, the Institut Curie and the AVC Foundation. This event reproduces each year, the third weekend of November.
One of the ways to promote Burgundy wine is organized Chapters by the brotherhood of Knights Tastevin at the Clos de Vougeot. In the 1930s, winemakers no longer manage to sell their wines, hence this brilliant idea of some winemakers: the whole world was invited to come and taste it at the Château du Clos de Vougeot, around the brotherhood of the Knights Tastevin.
It meets at the end of Vougeot at banquets named "chapters." The brotherhood is dressed in Purple and Gold in Rabelaisian fashion, and receives various personalities of honor from the political, literary, artistic and scientific worlds. are enthroned after a ritual and burlesque ceremony during which they learn about their duties as future knights.
The brotherhood of Knights Tastevin
glazed tile roofs
The glazed tile roofs with geometric patterns are an integral part of the Burgundy landscape. These tiles cover both religious buildings and civil buildings from the great time of the Dukes of Burgundy..
The most famous of these is the Hotel-Dieu de Beaune, built by Nicolas Rolin, chancellor of Philippe le Bon, the hotel de Vogüé in Dijon and the castle of La Rochepot. This type of decoration allowed to indicate by symbolic, political or religious messages, the social status, even the reputation, of a man or a community.
Mustard is linked to Dijon thanks to the Dukes of Burgundy. Mustard arrives in France in the 14th century more precisely on the occasion of the festivities of Rouvres organized by the Dukes of Burgundy. They are the ones who make it noble and synonymous with wealth.
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